The relations between the Republic of Moldova and the European Union
European integration is a fundamental goal of the internal and external policy of the Government of the Republic of Moldova, as well as a political and social cohesion force. The objective of the European integration has been growing in dynamism starting September 2009, with the achievement of important results that have qualified the Republic of Moldova as one of the indisputable leaders in the whole region.
With the signing and early entry into force of the Association Agreement, the liberalization of the visa regime and the gradual integration into the EU internal market, the de facto integration of the Republic of Moldova takes place in the European political and economic space. At the same time, the Government is dedicated to the objective of modernizing and developing the Republic of Moldova, which requires European integration.
The relations between the Republic of Moldova and the European Union were formalized on 28 November 1994 through the signing of the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA). The PCA entered into force on 1 July 1998 for an initial time frame of 10 years, granting the possibility of tacit prolongation. The document established the legal framework of the bilateral relations between R. Moldova and the EU in the political, commercial, economic, legal, cultural and scientific fields and aimed to support R. Moldova in: strengthening democracy and the rule of law, respecting human and minority rights by providing the appropriate framework for the political dialogue, along with the sustainable development of the economy and the completion of the process of transition to the market economy by promoting trade, investments and harmonious economic relations. The Agreement established the setting up of a Cooperation Council that met once a year to monitor the implementation of the PCA at the highest level.
The next step in bringing closer R. Moldova-EU was the development of the Moldova-EU Action Plan under the European Neighbourhood Policy followed by its adoption at the Cooperation Council that took place in February 2005. The Action Plan provided for the initial strategic cooperation objectives for a three-year time frame that were repeatedly extended. The Action Plan was superseded in 2014 by the Association Agenda, agreed on the basis of the Republic of Moldova - EU Association Agreement.
The Association Agreement between the Republic of Moldova, of the one part, and the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States, on the other part, was signed on 27 June 2014 in Brussels, Belgium. The Agreement was ratified by the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova on 2 July 2014 and by the European Parliament on 13 November 2014.
The signing of the Moldova-EU Association Agreement (AA) marked the advancement of the dialogue and cooperation relations between R. Moldova and the EU by setting up a new legal framework, oriented towards a higher level that is the political association and the economic integration with the EU.
The Association Agreement is based on an innovative and ambitious approach that encompasses the establishment of a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area - DCFTA between the European Union and the Republic of Moldova.