The European Union's Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) targets initiatives in the field of defence, internal and foreign policies as part of the European Union's Common Foreign and Security Policy.
EU military operations are related to stabilization, conflict prevention and inter-positioning between the parties involved in the conflict, protection of the civilian population and international staff, fight against piracy, protection of trade, fishing industry and humanitarian assistance. Since its establishment within the CSDP policy, around 25 external operations have been deployed, including 6 military operations (under a UN mandate).
The participation of the Republic of Moldova in CSDP missions is an important aspect for the development of the bilateral political relations and a factor that indirectly contributes to increase the level of security of our state on the European continent. In line with the National Security Strategy, participation to global, regional and sub-regional efforts to promote international stability and security, including through cooperation and participation in CSDP missions, is a priority for the Republic of Moldova.
Republic of Moldova's participation in EU’s CSDP stems also from the Declaration of the Summit of Heads of State and Government of the Eastern Partnership (EaP) and the EU Member States in Warsaw which refers to the need to intensify cooperation between the EU and the EaP states in the CSDP field.
On 13 December 2012, the Framework Agreement for the participation of the Republic of Moldova in EU crisis management operations, which broadens the horizon of cooperation with the EU on the political and security dimension, was signed in Brussels, Belgium. The agreement entered into force on 1 July 2013. This agreement establishes the framework and conditions for the possible participation of the Republic of Moldova in EU crisis management operations.
In 2017 the Security of Information Agreement between the Republic of Moldova and EU was signed and entered into force (1 January 2018).
The Republic of Moldova has been invited to participate in several EU missions, including EUCAP NESTOR, EUBAM Libya and EUTM Mali. The Republic of Moldova has deployed experts in EUTM Mali (2014; 2016; 2018) and EUMAM in the Central African Republic (2015-2016).
Upon the entering into force of the Law on the participation of the Republic of Moldova in international missions and operations (5 February 2016), the legal framework for deploying national experts in UE crisis management missions was set up. Likewise, the law facilitates the consolidation of national institutional capacities, especially in the defence field.
In 2014 R. Moldova - EU consultations on CSDP have been launched, which take place on yearly bases. During these meetings bilateral cooperation priorities are set, inclusively concerning the development of institutional capabilities to participate in crisis management missions; cooperation on exchange of classified information; ensuring the convergence of R. Moldova’s alignment to EU restrictive measures; as well as setting cooperation priorities in preventing and combating hybrid threats.